In this website we will attempt to feature articles about some of Brisbane’s best businesses and services in an informative and interesting way. Brisbane is the capital city of Queensland and is situated in the beautiful Moreton Bay area which is famous for its waterways, landscaping and beautiful estuaries.
Basal Cell Carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer. Initially, it appears as a raised area of skin, that is usually shinny with some blood vessels running through it. This type of skin cancer grows very slowly and is highly unlikely spread to other areas of the body or result in death. This form of cancer totals 32% cancers globally. Approximately 35% of adult men and 25% of women will be affected by basal cell cancers at some point in their lives.
Exposure to ultraviolet light
Low pigmentation in skin
Long term exposure to arsenic
Poor immune system
UV light exposure during childhood
Use of tanning beds
Signs and Symptoms
Patients with basal cell carcinoma will present with a shiny, pearly skin nodule. However, they can also present as a red patch similar to eczema. For medical practitioners, it is often difficult to distinguish basal cell cancers from acne scar or skin inflammation. Therefore, it sometimes useful to do further testing.
What Causes It?
Most cancers occur in sun exposed areas of the body. For the one third of cancers that don’t appear in sun exposed areas, this emphasises the genetic link. What researches understand is that sun exposure leads to a form of DNA damage that the bodies DNA repair system fails to rectify. Therefore, it is the cumulative DNA damage leading to mutations that is the problem. They also understand that overexposure to the sun weakens the bodies immune surveillance for new tumour cells.
Most GPs will diagnose this form of skin cancer with a skin biopsy. The most common method is the shave biopsy, done under local anaesthetic. This involves the GP shaving a section of the affected skin region and sending it off to a pathology company for further testing. It should be noted that most cancers of this type can be diagnosed visually.
Types of Basal Cell Cancer
Superficial Basal Cell Carcinoma. Characterised by a superficial proliferation of neoplastic basal cells. Very responsive to chemotherapy.
Infiltrative Basal Cell Carcinoma. Penetrates deeper into the skin. More difficult to treat with conservative methods.
Nodular Basal Cell Carcinoma. Most commonly occurs on the sun exposed areas of the head and neck.
Due to UV radiation being the cause in 2/3rds of this form of cancer it is recommended to use sunscreen with at least SPF 30+ or avoiding sun exposure where possible
The use of a chemotherapeutic agent 5-Florouracil or Imiquimod to prevent skin cancer in the first place is also recommended. People with extensive skin damage, multiple skin cancers or a family history of skin cancer are recommended to take it every 2-3 years as a precaution.
Moh’s Surgery. Occurs when the GP surgically cuts out the affected skin cancer and then examines under a microscope. When used for this type of cancer – the cure rate is very high, provided a 4mm surgical margin is followed by the GP when cutting out the skin cancer.
This has historically been used to treat skin cancers but has been superseded by more advanced methods now. However, when it is used correctly it can be effective in treating this form of cancer. Disadvantages include lack of margin control, tissue necrosis, over or under treatment of the tumour and long recover time. There have been no studies comparing the efficacy with other forms of treatment. It’s biggest advantage is that sections of skin don’t need to be cut out from a person’s body.
Some superficial cancers respond well to 5-fluorourcil or chemotherapy agent. Treatment is with a 5% Imiquimod cream with 5 applications per week for 6 weeks. Efficacy is 70-90% at removing or reducing basal cell cancers. Chemotherapy is often used in combination with Moh’s surgery. The cream is usually applied after the surgery has been completed. Usually a period of approximately 1 month is observed before chemotherapy treatment begins.
Electrodessication and Curettage.
This type of surgery is used with a round knife to scrape away any soft cancer tissue. The skin is then burnt with an electric current to help soften the skin, allowing the knife to cut more deeply into the skin on the next treatment. The cycle is repeated 3 to 5 times for it to be effective. The efficacy of this type of treatment depends on the size and type of tumour. Generally, this form of therapy is not used on visible areas of the skin such as face or neck.
This is a relatively new form of therapy for the treatment of basal call carcinomas. It is administered by the application of photosensitisers to the target area. When these skin molecules are activated by light, they became toxic, destroying the target cells. This form of treatment is used for low risk, superficial basal cell cancers.
Changes of making a full recovery from this type of cancer is great if it is detected early. Recurrent cancers are unfortunately much harder to treat with all the methods of treatment identified in this article. The good news is that this type of cancer doesn’t tend to spread throughout the body (metastasize). As a result death is vary rarely caused by this type of cancer. The vast majority of this form of cancer can be treated before serious complications occur.
Over the past 10 years I have noticed the increasing prevalence of mental health problems in society. People are increasingly turning to their local medical centre for help in addressing depression and mental health problems. The latest statistics are that about 1 in 5 people are going to be experiencing some type of mental health problem at any given time. If you have 5 people in your work team, chances are that at least 1 of those work colleagues (it may be you) are going through something big in their life. Things have gotten to the point where their literally are not enough psychologist/ psychiatrists/ social workers/ counsellors/ GPs to deal with Australia’s mental health problems. The number 1 referral that GPs are making over the last few years is to see a psychologist. I was reading my professional body’s magazine (APS) yesterday and apparently in Silicon Valley they are creating virtual reality psychologists who are going to listen to your problems. This is all well and good but I feel that technology is part of the problem and not necessarily the solution.
What I want to do in the rest of this article – is show you how you can be your own psychologist. Specifically how you can structure your day to maximise mental health. This is what life is – a number of days bunched together. If you can successfully navigate 1 day – then there is no reason why you can get through a whole month, year or lifetime. You really need to be able to do the simple things well before attempting more complicated things. This is no different with mental health. And it all starts with your daily routine.
6am-8am (Wake Up/ Morning Routine)
It is very important that you wake up early. Upon waking I also recommend actually getting out of bed and getting ready for the day. People who are depressed tend to lay in bed too long, check their phones, watch you tube etc. Or sometimes they just tend to indulge in all their worries too much. It is very important to start the day with momentum/ not lethargy or anxiety.
Upon waking It is important to get ready for the day. In the winter I very much recommend taking a shower (finishing with 30 seconds of cold water). There is nothing that wakes you up faster than cold water. Anthony Robbins talks about shocking your nervous system – and a cold shower is very good at doing this.
If you are feeling particularly motivated doing 20 mins of meditation or exercise is also a very good way to start the day. If you are looking for meditation exercises to do download the Headpace App on your phone and they will give you 10 free guided meditation exercises. For physical exercise I like to do body weight expresses and stretches. For example, pull ups, push ups, planks etc.
Then it is breakfast time. Remember this is your biggest meal of the day. Also make sure to drink plenty of water because your body is going to be very dehydrated 1st thing in the morning. For me, I try and drink 600ml of water and have either rolled oats with bananas and nuts or an egg based breakfast.
Breakfast routine with Tim Ferriss | Tim Ferriss
Then you are ready for the day.
8-9am (Getting Ready for the Day)
Most people choose to listen to the news, commercial radio, check their phone for emails etc. If mental health and focus is your goal then don’t do these things. Instead what I recommend is that you find a really interesting podcast to listen to first thing in the morning. Something that will really stimulate you mind. For example, I love listening to TED talks, Tim Ferriss Show, Revisionist History or merely learning about something that is relevant to my life. For example, when my wife was pregnant I was listening to pregnancy podcasts. So download a podcast player on your mobile phone (I personally recommend Stitcher) and get started. If you are worried about using data on your phone, download the show before you leave home.
9am-1pm (Time to Shine)
This is your peak time of the day in, terms of brain power. Do not waste it! Most people use this time to grab a coffee, socialise, check Facebook, return phone calls or emails etc. If possible do not do this. There are other times in the day when you can do this. Now is you time to do some deep work. By deep work, I’m referring to writing books, reports, strategic thinking etc. Tasks that are going to take you a few hours to complete. It is extremely important that no distractions are present during these hours.
During this time your mind is going to be in a completely different headspace. After lunch you are going to experience what is known as a post lunch dip, where your energy levels are going to drop for approximately 60-90 minutes. This is the time of the day where you can do your socialising, phone calls, emails, meetings etc. At about 3 or 4pm you will also experience mild boredom. At this time of the day – try and get out of the office. Go for a walk, head to the park for 20 minutes. Your mind and body will really thank you for it. Personally, I’m lucky because I have a park literally 20 minutes behind my office. I try and go here around 4pm most days. It really helps me to get through the days. Especially when I need to work until 8 or 9pm seeing clients.
At the end of the day it is important to minimise technology disruptions. Most people make the mistake of taking work home with them. Checking phones/ emails or watching You Tube, Netflix etc. Instead make this time about spending quality time with yourself or others. If you have a family spend time with them without distraction. Do some exercise, join a social sports team, go to a play. Or even read a book. Again this is another time for deep work. Or as I like to call it – Deep Play.
And then you are ready for Bed.
Some people struggle getting to sleep of a night-time. There are a few basic things that I recommend. I often take a small over the counter dose of melatonin before bed. Melatonin helps to regulate your circadian rhythms (i.e., so you feel tired when going to bed and awake when you
need to rise). Secondly, make sure that you have good sleep hygiene. Clean sheets, wash your teeth, go the toilet etc. Thirdly, about 2-3 hours before bed make sure that you are not exposed to any bright lights. Dim lights in your house if you can. When you do hop into bed – your whole purpose is to quieten your mind and to get yourself into a dreamlike state. What I do is count to 50 or 100 (on a bad night) and then allow my mind to start lightly dreaming. Then before I know it I will be fast asleep.
If you need mental health advice or need to see a counsellor in Brisbane visit Ubuntu Medical
Having your very own swimming pool can be beneficial in so many ways. It provides you an area where you can bond with family and friends, not to mention it can even increase the value of your property. However, building one can be quite tricky. Concrete swimming pools cost a lot of money, not to mention requires the expertise of licensed concrete swimming pool builders Brisbane.
How do you choose the right contractor to start the swimming pool construction in your home? Here are some tips that can come in handy. Continue reading →
The name Cobra Group, also known as DS-Max would be unknown to most Australians. Yet it is the direct marketing, i.e door to door sales company that is behind Appco, the charitable collection agency that finds itself facing a huge class action lawsuit for $85 million. This is the kind of case that Accident Solicitors dream about. Continue reading →
Ever wondered what to do with that old broken car that has been sitting around in the front yard for ages? Well you may actually have a car that won’t start all is missing a few parts or has been involved in an accident or something like that, and it is just sitting around in the front yard gathering rust. If your live in Brisbane you may search for http://www.buyyourproblemcar.com/sell-my-car-brisbane/
There are many options when it comes to selling your unwanted car available these days that you may want to consider . Continue reading →
Are you living from pay to pay? Struggling to pay off your home loan, credit card and personal loan each month? You might also have a car loan. There are options for you to consider with debt consolidation.
1. Can you afford it? Write out a budget for your weekly fixed living costs including your car repayments against your net income. Make sure you have room to move in case of unexpected life events such as having to move house or if you need to take time off work. Remember to include any existing debts and insurance. If you factor in a safety net then you won’t be over-committed and put unnecessary pressure on yourself or risk losing your vehicle https://www.moneysmart.gov.au/tools-and-resources/calculators-and-apps/budget-plannerContinue reading →
Electricity can be dangerous.
Is less important to make sure that when you have will deal anything to do with electricity that you either employ a fully qualified electrician or leave the stuff alone.
Thousands of people die all over the world every single year as a result of electrocution through making contact with live electric wires without knowing the dangers or implications of dealing with such high voltages.
In today’s modern world everything is run on electricity. As technology advances so does the technology required by an electrician and they may probably have to specialise in a specific area of electrical contracting.
If you lived on the Gold Coast and required fee services of an electrician Gold Coast you may find it easier to locate a fully qualified electrician in your local area by using a search engine rather than the old-fashioned way of a phonebook or the local newspaper. Continue reading →